Category Archives: Business Models

Bibliography@IFLA WLIC 2016: Opening the National Bibliography: transforming access to data and building connections

Information Coordinator Rebecca Lubas introduces the panel.

Information Coordinator Rebecca Lubas introduces the panel.

Anke Meyer-Hess explains the use of CCo at the DNB

Anke Meyer-Hess explains the use of CCo at the DNB.

Ylva Sommerland talks about the use of Tableau in presenting biographic data

Ylva Sommerland talks about the use of Tableau in presenting biographic data.

Saeedeh Akbari-Daryan shows how Search Engine Optimization is used in Iran

Saeedeh Akbari-Daryan shows how Search Engine Optimization is used in Iran.

The Bibliography Section organized a thought-provoking program in Columbus! We learned about visualizing biographic data in Sweden, using CCo in Germany, and Search Engine Optimization in Iran. Please visit the IFLA Library to read our authors’ papers at


Guidelines For The Future – Sharing Best Practice For National Bibliographies In A Digital Age

The changes brought about by the World Wide Web together with the dramatic growth of digital media have called into question many key assumptions on which national bibliography were founded. At the IFLA Bibliography Standing Committee’s Warsaw satellite meeting to the IFLA 2012 Congress a new web based resource was announced to replace the original printed National Bibliographies in the Digital Age: Guidance and New Directions (2009). After several years of development this new resource will be launched at the IFLA Congress in August 2015.

Why create this new resource?

In an era of disruptive change libraries require authoritative and current best practice guidance on an increasing range of bibliographic issues. The rapidly evolving nature of the subject matter means that a more flexible, open and dynamic solution than traditional printed text is needed. To address this need the IFLA Bibliography Standing Committee has created ‘Best Practice for National Bibliographic Agencies in a Digital Age’ using the new ‘Book Page’ option available on IFLA’s web site.

The new resource is not intended to be prescriptive since bibliographic control inevitably varies widely from country to country and local requirements may be influenced by financial, legal or practical constraints. A number of potential options will therefore be presented to enable their application to be tailored according to individual circumstances, with examples and use cases given to illustrate the possible range of approaches

What topics are covered?

The new resource aims to offer information on a wide range of topics of interest to those involved in the management of bibliographic information. Examples include:

  • Service delivery & lifecycle
  • Resource description & standards
  • Business models & administration
  • How to demonstrate the continuing utility & relevance of services?
  • When to create, develop or cease services?
  • How to decide on appropriate service delivery options
  • What options exist for user support?

How is the resource organised?

In order to ensure the site is easy to use and yet remain flexible for future developments it has been organised by key themes which are further divided by topic. The main themes are:

  1. Background
  2. Organisation
  3. Purpose and value
  4. Scoping and selection
  5. Resource description and standards
  6. Service delivery
  7. Glossary/Useful links
  8. Bibliography

These thematic sections provide links to back up sources to ensure continuing relevance and currency and will be supplemented by ‘real world’ cases that show how libraries are tackling the challenges. It is hoped this sharing of experience will benefit not only new and existing national bibliographic agencies but all who wish to respond to the bibliographic opportunities offered by new technologies and media.

How will the site be kept up to date?

Following the launch, the IFLA Bibliography Standing Committee intends to implement an annual work cycle to maintain and extend the resource as new areas of interest emerge. The SC is also seeking input from experts and other IFLA committees to contribute text or review sections in order to keep it as accurate and relevant as possible.

‘National Bibliographies Transformed: Matters Relating to the Legal Deposit of Electronic Resources’ – The Bibliography Section Open Session at IFLA WLIC 2015

In addition to its section meetings, the Bibliography Section has organised an open session during the 2015 Cape Town conference addressing the legal deposit of electronic resources and the challenges it can pose to national bibliographic agencies.

In many countries the scope of legal deposit is being extended to include electronic resources. However, the legislation and extent of so called ‘e-legal deposit’ varies significantly between countries, as do the methods of collection. Electronic resources pose new challenges to national bibliographic agencies which we wish to explore during this open session

The session (089) will take place from 9.30-11.30 on August 17th in Auditorium 2 of the conference centre and will be chaired by Anders Cato, Chair of the IFLA Bibliography Standing Committee. Papers to be presented will include:

  • Legal Deposit in South Africa: Transformation in a Digital WorldDenise Nicholson (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa)
  • The Czech National Bibliography: New Steps to CompletenessEdita Lichtenbergova (National Library of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic)
  • Ensuring Metadata Quality of e-Legal Deposit in an Ever-Changing Environment – Stina Degerstedt (National Library of Sweden, Stockholm, Sweden)
  • Legal Deposit of Ebooks in France and its Bearings on Cataloguing and the National BibliographyMathilde Koskas (Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris, France)

We invite colleagues to attend these sessions to find out more about this important topic, ask questions and share experiences.

German National Library Offers Over 11 million MARC21 Records Under CC0 Open License

11.5 million free bibliographic data items now available from the German National Library in MARC 21 format

All the bibliographic data of the German National Library offered under “Creative Commons Zero” conditions are available free of charge as a complete package in MARC 21 format for free use. Included are more than 11.5 million bibliographic data items.

The bibliographic data up to the 2011 bibliography year are currently offered under a “Creative Commons Zero” licence (CC0). Free registration is required in order to use the data. Charges are applied to bibliographic data of the current and the previous year. The data of the next bibliography year is added to the package of free data in the first quarter of each new year.

The intention is to provide all data in all formats free of charge and under CC0 conditions for free use from mid-2015. This represents the German National Library’s response to the growing demand for freely available metadata.

Further information:

Data Service
Business model

A report on the licensing model: Licensing Library and Authority Data Under CC0: The DNB Experience by Lars Svensson is now available.

Contact: [email protected]

Danish National Bibliography as linked open data

A testfile containing books in the Danish National Bibliography 2010 and 2011 as linked open data has been published by DBC (Danish Bibliographic Centre) on A SPARQL endpoint to the corresponding triple store is available at DBC will continue working with LOD, expanding the scope to other types of material and authority data, providing more links and moving towards publishing the National Bibliography on a regular basis as LOD

The British Library announces new free data options

The British Library has announced that it is going to offer two new ways for libraries and researchers to access its bibliographic data including the British National Bibliography. These are:

  • A free Z39.50 service for libraries to selectively download records in MARC21
  • Bulk data sets in XML (RDF/DC) for researchers and organisations wishing to utilise the data (e.g. data mining)

The British Library is also collaborating with researchers at the University of Cambridge as part of the ‘Open Bibliography’ project investigating new models for libraries to unlock the potential of their records (e.g. as open linked data).

Anyone interested in the new services should contact: [email protected]

The Spanish Bibliography Online

Since January of 2010 the National Library of Spain (Biblioteca Nacional de España) has renewed the web service of the Spanish Bibliography online:

The implementation of the new Integrated Library Management System has motivated some changes in the search and display interface for bibliographic records and it has delayed the start-up.  Monographs are now available and updated.

This electronic resource provides immediate and universal access to the bibliographic records that are part of the Spanish publishing output  incorporated into the National Library through Legal Deposit.

The Spanish Bibliography online allows a more rapid, punctual and efficient distribution of the information available and makes easier data exchange thanks to the universal access offered by Internet today.

The Spanish Bibliography makes the search and browse process easier by offering multiple access points and a user-friendly interface with three diverse search options:

  • Alphabetical index (by author, title, subject, series, etc.)
  • Search by subject, records are arranged in large CDU groups of CDU in Monographs
  • Search by keyword, combining Booleans and other operators and truncation with specific fields and geographic areas
  • Static web resources –PDF documents – is also included

Additionally, it allows the download and export of records that will be extremely valuable for other national bibliographic agencies, libraries and institutions.

Free of charge access to the bibliographic records

  • Link to the National Library catalogue and download records in ISBD, labelled and MARC 21 (ISO 2709) formats

This new electronic bibliographic service replaces the printed versions that are no longer published. With the new service the National Library fulfils its function to disseminate information on the Spanish bibliographic output using the latest technologies available and we expect this tool will be useful to both professionals and general library users.

Francisca Movilla

Spanish Bibliography Section